"L’Europe doit être à la hauteur de l’Histoire en portant une relance ambitieuse"

Le Président de la République a participé le 19 juin 2020 à la visioconférence des 27 chefs d’Etat et de gouvernement de l’UE, essentiellement consacrée au plan de relance et au budget pluriannuel de l’Union européenne. La proposition relative à un nouvel instrument de relance et au cadre financier pluriannuel (CFP) pour la période 2021-2027, présentée par la Commission européenne le 27 mai 2020, était au cœur des débats.

L’Europe doit être à la hauteur de l’Histoire en portant une relance ambitieuse, fondée sur la solidarité budgétaire. Après l’accord franco-allemand de 500 milliards d’euros et la proposition de la Commission européenne, trouvons un accord à 27 en juillet !
Le Président de la République, 19 juin 2020

Les débats qu’ont tenus les dirigeants de l’UE ont permis de préparer de manière approfondie la tenue d’un sommet à une date ultérieure, qui sera, si possible, une réunion physique.

Le président du Conseil européen, Charles Michel, et la présidente de la Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, ont de plus informé les dirigeants de l’échange de vues qu’ils ont eu avec le Premier ministre Boris Johnson lors de la réunion à haut niveau entre l’Union européenne et le Royaume-Uni qui s’est tenue le 15 juin 2020 par vidéoconférence.

Contexte

Le 23 avril 2020, le Conseil européen a décidé d’œuvrer à la mise en place d’un fonds pour la relance afin de faire face à la crise de la COVID-19. Il a chargé la Commission européenne de présenter d’urgence une proposition, qui clarifierait également le lien entre le fonds et le budget à long terme de l’UE./.

Déclaration de M. Charles Michel, Président du Conseil européen, à l’issue de la visio-conférence des membres du Conseil européen (19 juin 2020)

"We had today the occasion to have this video conference at the level of the European Council. And as you know, the main topic was the MFF (Multiannual Financial Framework) and the Recovery Fund. It was the first occasion to discuss at the level of the leaders the proposals put on the table by the Commission, the MFF and the Recovery Fund. It was the occasion to observe that on different points there is an emerging consensus, which is very positive. But at the same time, we don’t underestimate the difficulties. And on different topics we observe that it is necessary to continue to discuss.

This video conference was important and essential because the first three weeks after the publication of the proposals of the Commission, we had the occasion to consult the Member States to find clarity on the interpretation of those proposals. Now we shift to another phase, we will negotiate. I welcome the readiness to engage. I am totally committed to start immediately real negotiations with the Member States. We intend to have a physical summit around the middle of July in Brussels. We will have the occasion to focus on some concrete proposals. Before this summit, I will put on the table some concrete proposals in order to try to take a decision. We are aware that it is essential to take a decision as soon as possible.

We also had the occasion, Ursula (von der Leyen) and myself, to give a debrief after the high level meeting that we had at the beginning of this week, with Boris Johnson, about Brexit. And as you know, during this meeting, we repeated the mandate that we have decided at the European level. We repeated that we are committed in order to reach an agreement, but not at any cost. We consider, for example, the questions like the level playing field, like governance, like the protocol regarding Ireland and Northern Ireland are very essential topics in our opinion. And we took note that for the United Kingdom, they don’t have the intention to ask for an extension of the transition period. It means that we need to intensify the negotiations. We trust Michel Barnier and we will have the occasion to come back at the level of the European Council later on this important topic.

We also had the occasion to have a debrief by Angela Merkel regarding the implementation of the Minsk agreements. And it means that now the Council can proceed with the rollover of the sanctions.

And finally, I would like to congratulate Andrej Plenković. The rotating Presidency by Croatia was not an easy task because of these exceptional circumstances that we faced together and we are facing. And I would like to congratulate him for his leadership, for his creativity, for his flexibility. We had, with Ursula and Andrej, a perfect cooperation. Thank you for that, it is a great job. You played, dear Andrej, a very essential role in different topics, especially regarding the Enlargement discussions and the possibility to find an agreement at the level of the European Council on this important strategic topic. Thank you for that Andrej"./.

Déclaration de Mme Ursula von der Leyen, Présidente de la Commission européenne, à l’issue de la visio-conférence des membres du Conseil européen (19 juin 2020)

Thank you so much.

Also from my part : many, many thanks to the Croatian Presidency. These were challenging times. They have been outstanding in mastering an unprecedented task in these crisis times. So many thanks from my part, too. It was wonderful to work together, thank you very much for this Presidency and of course, we are looking forward to intensive work in the Council.

Indeed, today’s Council came at a crucial time. We are now only six months away from the end of the Brexit transition period, and it was therefore important to take stock of the ongoing negotiations with the United Kingdom. We jointly stressed our willingness to undertake all possible efforts to come to an agreement, seeking solutions that will allow us to sign a one-of-a-kind partnership with the United Kingdom.

And indeed, for this, we have to bridge wide divergences, which remain to be solved. The topics are known : it is the level playing field, fisheries, governance, and the scope of our police and judicial cooperation. These are important points for the European Union because these are principles – fair competition, rising social standards, protecting our citizens and the rule of law – that are at the heart of the European Union.

Time is short, however, and even if we find a deal, many things will still change in our relationship with the United Kingdom for citizens, for businesses and for administrations. We therefore also need to plan for these changes. The Commission has been working on these issues. We have made progress, but we should not reduce our efforts. We will continue to assist national authorities and other stakeholders in their preparation for Brexit.

I also emphasised to the Leaders that we must continue our work to ensure the proper implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement. We will remain very attentive on this point. Finally, no one can say with certainty where these negotiations will be at the end of this year, but I know for sure that we will have done everything to reach an agreement and to have a good start with the United Kingdom as a third country neighbour then.

On Next Generation EU : Just as we are six months away from the end of the transition period, we are now also six months away from the end of the current MFF – and in the midst of the deepest economic crisis provoked by COVID-19. It is therefore essential that we lose no time in setting our economic and social recovery on a firm footing.

And as you know, the Commission has come forward with a plan to do just that. It is called Next Generation EU. Combined with a reinforced MFF, it will provide the necessary means – EUR 1,850 billion – and the proper focus on a green, a digital and a resilient recovery to help the European Union, its citizens and its businesses to emerge stronger from the crisis.

The first discussion was in my view very positive. Leaders unanimously agreed that the severity of this crisis justifies an ambitious common response. One that combines solidarity, investment and reforms. I was also glad to hear that many Leaders stressed that we must do everything in our power to reach an agreement soon in the European Council before the summer break. There is a real understanding that the effectiveness of the response depends on this, too.

Finally, there was a lot of support for the focus on the green and the digital dimension – that was very good – those being driving elements for the modernisation efforts financed by Next Generation EU. All of this is good news. Of course, the discussions also showed differences of opinion on various issues, for example on the overall size of Next Generation EU, on the balance between grants and loans, on the allocation key, and on own new resources and rebates. It is absolutely legitimate to discuss all of these issues and I explained to the Leaders the Commission’s reasoning on each of them.

So I look forward to the next steps in the discussions that Charles will organise in the coming weeks. I am sure that on these points we can reach a consensus, provided that we do not lose sight of the big picture"./.

Dernière modification : 21/06/2020

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